Accessed Access Date. Accessed 6 July Accessed Day Month Year blog was visited. In-Text Citation Example Author's Last Name Naish Note: Blog posts have no page numbers, paragraph numbers or section headings so this information is left out of the in-text citation. University of Colorado, Boulder, Citing Web Pages In Text Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author if known. If the author is not known, use the title as the in-text citation. Your in-text citation should lead your reader to the corresponding entry in the reference list.
Below are examples of using in-text citation with web pages. Entire website with author: Parents play an important role in helping children learn techniques for coping with bullying Kraiser. To discover more about previous editions, learn more here. Many digital images, films and videos, encyclopedia articles, dictionary entries, web pages, and more do not have author names listed. If the title is rather long, it is acceptable to shorten it in the body of your assignment.
If you choose to shorten the title, make sure the first word in the full citation is also the first word used in the MLA in-text citation or reference in parentheses. This is done to allow the reader to easily locate the full citation that corresponds with the reference in the text. If, in the Works Cited list, the full reference has the title within quotation marks, include those quotation marks in the MLA in-text citation or reference in parentheses.
If the title is written in italics in the full reference, include the title with italics in the MLA in-text citation or reference in parentheses as well.
In such cases, give the page number of your edition making sure the edition is listed in your Works Cited page, of course followed by a semicolon, and then the appropriate abbreviations for volume vol. For example: Marx and Engels described human history as marked by class struggles 79; ch. Author-page citation for works in an anthology, periodical, or collection When you cite a work that appears inside a larger source like, for instance, an article in a periodical or an essay in a collection , cite the author of the internal source i.
For example, to cite Albert Einstein's article "A Brief Outline of the Theory of Relativity," which was published in Nature in , you might write something like this: Relativity's theoretical foundations can be traced to earlier work by Faraday and Maxwell Einstein See also our page on documenting periodicals in the Works Cited.
Citing authors with same last names Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which a quotation is taken. For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors' first initials or even the authors' full name if different authors share initials in your citation.
For example: Although some medical ethicists claim that cloning will lead to designer children R. Miller 12 , others note that the advantages for medical research outweigh this consideration A. Miller Corresponding works cited entry: Best, David, and Sharon Marcus.
JSTOR, doi According to Franck et al. The authors claim that one cause of obesity in the United States is government-funded farm subsidies Franck et al. Corresponding works cited entry: Franck, Caroline, et al.
Citing multiple works by the same author If you cite more than one work by a particular author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. Citing two articles by the same author: Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children "Too Soon" 38 , though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child's second and third year "Hand-Eye Development" Citing two books by the same author: Murray states that writing is "a process" that "varies with our thinking style" Write to Learn 6.
Additionally, Murray argues that the purpose of writing is to "carry ideas and information from the mind of one person into the mind of another" A Writer Teaches Writing 3. Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, followed, when appropriate, by page numbers: Visual studies, because it is such a new discipline, may be "too easy" Elkins, "Visual Studies" Note: The period goes outside the brackets, at the end of your in-text citation.
No Page Numbers When you quote from electronic sources that do not provide page numbers like Web pages , cite the author name only. Paraphrasing When you write information or ideas from a source in your own words, cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion.
Paraphrasing from One Page Include a full in-text citation with the author name and page number if there is one. For example: Mother-infant attachment became a leading topic of developmental research following the publication of John Bowlby's studies Hunt
If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information: Wordsworth, William. In-Text Citation Example Author's Last Name Naish Note: Blog posts have no page numbers, paragraph numbers or section headings so this information is left out of the in-text citation.
Name the publisher, date, time listed near the comment , and the URL. The 11 indicates that the quote is found on page 11 in the journal. Immediately following the publisher is the date that the page or article was published, or posted. Oxford UP, Penn State University, , www. Author's name part of narrative: Gass and Varonis found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic
For electronic and Internet sources, follow the following guidelines: Include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation e.
Use the phrase, Comment on, before the title. University of Colorado, Boulder, Sources With Two Authors There are many books, journal articles, magazine articles, reports, and other source types written or created by two authors. Paraphrasing from One Page Include a full in-text citation with the author name and page number if there is one.
References Derwing, Tracey M. Penn State University, , www. This means that the author's last name and the page number s from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. If the author is not known, use the title as the in-text citation. Examples: Smith 42; Bennett
The first name is listed in reverse order and is followed by a comma and et al. If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information: Wordsworth, William. Coalition for Children, , www.
Examples: Smith 42; Bennett In-Text Citation Example Author's Last Name Naish Note: Blog posts have no page numbers, paragraph numbers or section headings so this information is left out of the in-text citation. Description of Post.