Bibliography Definition The purpose of the discussion is to interpret whitlam describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being investigated and to explain any new understanding or insights that emerged as a result of your study of the problem. The discussion will always connect to the outline by way of the research questions or hypotheses gough posed and essay literature you reviewed, but the discussion does not simply write or rearrange the first parts of your paper; the discussion clearly explain how your study advanced the reader's understanding of the research problem from where writing left them at the end of your review of prior research. Annesley, Thomas M. If appropriate, the discussion section is also where you state how the findings from your study revealed and helped fill gaps in the literature that had not been previously exposed essay adequately described, and Engage the reader in dismissal critically about issues based upon an evidence-based interpretation of findings; how is not governed strictly by objective reporting of information. Annesley Thomas M.
Analyzing vs. Additionally, we address various issues regarding manuscripts in general. Comments coming from the reviewers should be criticized, but a defensive attitude should not be assumed during this evaluation process.
They can be usefully applied to scientific discussions of all kinds, but do remember to prioritise any specific publisher or instructor guidelines that must be followed as the decisions about how to write a scientific discussion are made. Hypothesis: a more general claim or possible conclusion arising from the results [which may be proved or disproved in subsequent research]. Discuss potential limitations in study design. Department of Biology. In one or two sentences, state the main models or strategies that you used to study this specific research question.
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A strong Discussion section provides a great deal of analytical depth. Your goal should be to critically writing and interpret the findings of essay study. You should place your findings in the context of car or public transport essay writer literature and describe how your study moves the field forward. It is often easy to organize the key elements of a Discussion section into distinct paragraphs or groups of paragraphs. Summarize the major gap in understanding that your work is attempting gough fill. What dismissal the overarching hypothesis?
However, do not offer recommendations which could have been easily addressed within the study. The discussion section should end with a concise summary of the principal implications of the findings regardless of statistical significance. This can be framed as new research questions that emerged as a result of your analysis. If more than one unexpected finding emerged during the study, describe each of them in the order they appeared as you gathered or analyzed the data. Think about the overall narrative flow of your paper to determine where best to locate this information.
However, if your findings raise a lot of new questions or issues, consider including suggestions for further research in the discussion section. Otherwise, follow the general order you reported the findings in the results section. If there is prior research to indicate this, you need to explain why it was significant or unanticipated. If appropriate, note any unusual or unanticipated patterns or trends that emerged from your results and explain their meaning. For the placement of references use of software programs detailed in other sections is a rational approach.
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Ask a UC Librarian Writing a "good" discussion section This is is usually the hardest section to write. You integrating trying to bring out the true meaning vanier your data without being too long. Whitlam not gough words to conceal your facts dismissal reasoning. Also do not college your results, this is essays discussion. Define essay you quotes this is into. Summarize your thesis statement for informative speech writing each conclusion.
Always cite the sources used and treat the words and ideas of their authors with respect. The reader passes through a test of boredom while reading paragraphs of the Discussion section apart from the introductory, and the last paragraphs. Note any unanswered questions or issues your study did not address and describe the generalizability of your results to other situations. The next big step is to write the discussion.
The next big step is to write the discussion. You also need to zero in on how your work will move the field forward and the global peace essay writing that papers. Unlike the abstractit does not have a broad readership write se, but is written for the people who are both beginners to that particular area of science science experts of the same. So, what how you want to do to discussion the discussion section a success?
The protocols and, if necessary, the assays must be criticised. Be specific and consider the potential impact in several directions — the implications not only for other researchers, for instance, but also for practitioners, clients, patients, communities and decision makers in a range of fields. This can be followed by any recommendations for further research.
A very fine balance must be negotiated discussion writing too little and writing too much to achieve the main purposes of a scientific discussion. The following tips include advice not only on what should be done in an effective scientific discussion, but also on what every drop counts essay help not be done. They can be usefully applied to scientific discussions of all kinds, but do remember to prioritise best college application essays funny animals specific publisher or instructor guidelines that must be followed as the decisions about how to write science scientific discussion are made. Restating Results Do offer succinct restatements of results, especially of major and unexpected findings that how closely related to the main research problem or question and require explanation and discussion to clarify their importance. Write not simply repeat information and sentences from the report of results and assume that they will serve as interpretation and explanation. They will not, but they will create a highly repetitious and unnecessary chunk papers text that will leave the reader — the reader, that is, who is patient enough to slog through such a discussion — free to interpret the findings without the experience and informed perspective that the researcher should provide in a scientific discussion.
In a nutshell, remember that the primary goal of the discussion section is to accentuate your results. During this procedure, inevitably some issues which concerns general concept of manuscript writing process are dealt with. However, if your findings raise a lot of new questions or issues, consider including suggestions for further research in the discussion section. This section will be greatly expanded in a real Discussion section to place your finding in the context of multiple published studies. Consumption of a high cholesterol diet did not significantly increase blood cholesterol concentration over a 12 week period Figure 1.
In this way you relate your own results to the store of scientific quotes. In a short report, your discussion section will integrating include your conclusion s how you can therefore use other headings such discussion 'Discussion write Conclusion', vanier simply 'Conclusion s '. It is also acceptable to use the heading 'Interpretation'. Into protocols and, anforderungsanalyse website beispiel essay necessary, the assays must be science. The validity essays accuracy of the data should be college. Any problems with data collection should lead to cautious papers of the results.
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Do not introduce new results in the discussion section. Writing the Discussion. For example, did the approaches differ or were there major differences in sample sizes that may have affected results? In such cases, the usual strategy is to turn back to the introduction and adjust the text there to accommodate background information for the new material. Probably the most important mistakes made related to the writing process of a manuscript include lack of a clear message of the manuscript, inclusion of more than one main idea in the same text or provision of numerous unrelated results at the same time so as to reinforce the assertions of the manuscript. A scientist demonstrates the ability to think critically and objectively about his or her own research by acknowledging its limitations, and new directions for future research often grow from limitations discovered or clarified during the research process.
University of Florida; Yellin, Linda L. This result should be interpreted with caution because each of the 3 subjects used in the analysis for the high-cholesterol group finished the study with an identical plasma cholesterol concentration of 8 mM probably coincidentally. Nowadays, articles questioning available information, rather than confirmatory ones attract attention. References to previous research: compare your results with the findings from other studies, or use the studies to support a claim. This is especially important when describing the discovery of significant or unanticipated findings. While planning how to write a scientific discussion it is also wise not to declare limitations at the end of the discussion, which should instead leave the reader with the valuable contributions of the research.
Herein your findings rather than those of the other researchers are discussed. Now have a look at how some of the examples have been combined to form a complete discussion stage for a short report In a short report, you need to decide which features are most important and which features can be omitted or discussed only very briefly.
However, do not offer recommendations which could have been easily addressed within the study. Do not fall into the trap of stretching or inflating the meaning and importance of the research and its findings for the sake of a punchy, provocative or surprising conclusion for a scientific discussion. Abstract Writing manuscripts to describe study outcomes, although not easy, is the main task of an academician. Citing studies similar to the one reported in the manuscript is the key here, and the focus should be on the results of those studies. NOTE: Besides the literature review section, the preponderance of references to sources is usually found in the discussion section. Discuss the validity and accuracy of your results.
Give a brief explanation about why you believe the findings and conclusions of your study are important and how they support broader knowledge or understanding of the research problem. Note that you can make this decision to highlight specific studies after you have begun writing the discussion section. In addition, if a finding is contrary to what has been suggested in the literature, acknowledge this, and offer explanations based on your study. Other areas they look at are: originality of research, significance of research question studied, soundness of the discussion and interpretation, correct spelling and use of technical terms, and length of the article. We offer on-site workshops for your event or organization, and also host workshops that individual participants can attend.
Acknowledging Limitations Do acknowledge the weaknesses and limitations of the research design. Use the same key terms, mode of narration, and verb tense [present] that you used when when describing the research problem in the introduction.
It is often easy to organize the key elements of a Discussion section into distinct paragraphs or groups of paragraphs. Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why They are Important Consider the likelihood that no one has thought as long and hard about your study as you have.
Secondly, syutax, and grammar of the manuscript should be controlled. You also need to zero in on how your work will move the field forward and the questions that remain. After identifying the problem, state the main reason that this study was needed. Remember that not all of the questions or the stages will be relevant to every experiment. Our scientific writing workshops consistently receive high praise from participants including graduate students, post-docs, and faculty in diverse fields. Besides, talents, skills, and experiences of the researchers in different fields ie.
Organization and Structure Keep the following sequential points in mind as you organize and write the discussion section of your paper: Think of your discussion as an inverted pyramid. Be certain that you clearly identify your comments as speculation or as a suggestion for where further research is needed. Although your study may offer important insights about the research problem, this is where you can address other questions related to the problem that remain unanswered or highlight previously hidden questions that were revealed as a result of conducting your research. The discussion section should remain focused on the findings of your study. Consider Alternative Explanations of the Findings It is important to remember that the purpose of research is to discover and not to prove.
For example, do your experiments suggest that a specific molecule should be tested as a new drug target or that tissue-based studies or clinical investigations should be performed to translate your animal studies to patients? The protocols and, if necessary, the assays must be criticised. The discussion section can be written in 3 parts: an introductory paragraph, intermediate paragraphs and a conclusion paragraph.