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Remilitarization of the rhineland essay help

  • 12.02.2019

Germany claimed the treaty was hostile to them and Hitler used this as an excuse to send German troops into the Rhineland in March , contrary to the terms of the treaties of Versailles and Locarno. It was a gamble on his part and his generals were nervous about it.

German re-armament had not yet reached a point where they felt ready to take on a well-armed nation like France. Following the discussions described in the documents, the British Foreign Secretary, Anthony Eden, did indeed meet the German ambassador and make his proposals.

Hitler refused to withdraw his troops, and put pressure on the League of Nations to act. However the British people felt that the Treaty of Versailles was unfair on Germany and was over-restrictive, and so partly because of this, the British government decided to do nothing.

Hitler moved on from the occupation of the Rhineland in , to the annexation of Austria and the seizure of the Sudetenland in , to the take-over of the rest of Czechoslovakia in March and then Poland in September That the British did not take even their Locarno commitments seriously could be seen in Whitehall's prohibition of the British military chiefs' holding staff talks with German, French and Italian militaries about what to do if a "flagrant violation" of Locarno occurred.

One of the main British aims at Locarno was to create a situation where Germany could pursue territorial revisionism in Eastern Europe peacefully. This uncertainty over what Hitler's ultimate intentions in foreign policy were was to color much of British policy towards Germany until British decision-makers could never quite decide if Hitler was merely seeking the acceptable goal to the British of revising Versailles or the unacceptable goal of seeking to dominate Europe. British policy towards Germany was a dual-track policy of seeking a "general settlement" with the Reich in which the "legitimate" German complaints about the Versailles treaty would be addressed in Germany's favor while at the same time pursuing rearmament to negotiate with Germany from a position of strength, to deter Hitler from choosing war as an option, and in a worst-case scenario ensure that Britain was prepared if Hitler really did want to conquer Europe.

In February , a secret report by the Defence Requirements Committee identified Germany as the "ultimate potential enemy", which British rearmament was to be directed against. Starting in , the French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou decided to put an end to any potential German aggression by building a network of alliances intended to encircle Germany, and made overtures to the Soviet Union and Italy. Until , the Soviet Union had supported German efforts to challenge the Versailles system, but the strident anti-communism of the National Socialist regime together with its claim for Lebensraum led the Soviets change positions on the question of maintaining the Versailles system.

In September , the Soviet Union ended its secret support for German rearmament, which had started in Under the guise of collective security, the Soviet Foreign Commissar Maxim Litvinov started to praise the Versailles system, which until then the Soviet leaders had denounced as a capitalist plot to "enslave" Germany.

Starting in the s, Benito Mussolini had subsidized the right-wing Heimwehr "Home Defense" movement in Austria, and after the ultra-conservative Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss had seized dictatorial power in March , Austria had fallen within the Italian sphere of influence.

At the same time that Austrian Nazis attempted to seize power all over Austria, the SS Austrian Legion based in Bavaria began to attack frontier posts along the German-Austrian border in what looked like the beginning of an invasion. In response, Mussolini had mobilized the Italian Army, concentrated several divisions at the Brenner Pass , and warned Hitler that Italy would go to war with Germany if he tried to follow up the putsch by invading Austria.

To his disgust, the German Fuhrer had to disallow the Putsch he had ordered and not follow it up by invading Austria while the Austrian government crushed the Putsch by the Austrian Nazis. On 7 January during a summit in Rome, Laval essentially told Mussolini that he had a "free hand" in the Horn of Africa, and France would not oppose an Italian invasion of Ethiopia.

Under strong pressure from a British public opinion, which was very much in favor of collective security , the British government took the lead in pressing the League of Nations for sanctions against Italy. Having just won an election on 14 November on the platform of upholding collective security, the Baldwin government pressed very strongly for sanctions against Italy for invading Ethiopia. The League Assembly voted for a British motion to impose sanctions on Italy with immediate effect on 18 November The British line that collective security must be upheld with regard to Ethiopia caused considerable tensions between Paris and London, with the French taking the viewpoint that Hitler, not Mussolini, was the real danger to the peace, and that if the price of continuing Stresa Front was accepting the conquest of Ethiopia, it was worth paying.

Hitler argued that under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles Germany was militarily weak. He said that Germany had been willing to keep to this state of affairs if other countries disarmed. As this had not happened, Germany now had to take measures to protect herself. In the months that followed, Hitler trebled the size of the German Army and completely ignored the restrictions on weapons that had been imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. By , when it was clear that no action was going to be taken against Germany for breaking the terms of the treaty, Hitler felt strong enough to introduce military conscription.

Adolf Hitler knew that both France and Britain were militarily stronger than Germany. However, he became convinced that they were unwilling to go to war.

It would have taken too long and would have been too costly for the United States to pose a threat to Germany. The United States had also previously showed that it lacked interest in Germany's breaches of the Treaties of Versailles and Locarno. When Germany had stopped paying its debt to France, as required by the Treaty of Versailles, the United States did nothing.

But for France it is now too late! It was based on the idea of collective security, that is, the nations of the world would act together collectively to preserve peace. Those historians who take a "functionist" interpretation see the Rhineland remilitarization more as ad hoc, improvised response on the part of Hitler to the economic crisis of as a cheap and easy way of restoring the regime's popularity.

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The Foreign Secretary puts forward his suggestion for dealing with the situation: What deal does Anthony Eden want to offer Germany? Did this deal abide by the terms of the Treaties of Versailles and Locarno? Source 5 6. British policy towards Germany at this time is called appeasement.
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Hitler remilitarization that under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles Germany was militarily weak. He said that Germany had been willing to help to this state of affairs if other countries disarmed. As this had not happened, Germany now had to take measures essay protect herself. In the months that followed, Hitler trebled the size of the German Army and writing notes on yellow paper ignored the restrictions on weapons that had been imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. Bywhen it was clear that no action was going to be taken rhineland Germany for the the terms of the treaty, Hitler felt strong enough to introduce military conscription. Adolf Hitler knew that both France and Britain were militarily stronger than Germany. Laval's policy of internal devaluation of forcing deflation on the French economy in order to increase French exports to combat the Great Depression had already made him extremely unpopular, and the Hoare-Laval plan further damaged his reputation. But, leaving entirely aside the French, there was no section of British public opinion that would not have been directly opposed to such action in Germany in the s was keen to get back on normal terms with other nations and signed the Treaty of Locarno. Well, two years ago when we marched into the Rhineland with a handful of battalions - at that moment I risked a great deal. Great Britain had even gone behind the backs of th As this had not happened, Germany now had to take measures to protect herself.

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Versailles and Locarno[ edit ] Consequences of the Treaty swot analysis nursing essays help Versailles: dotted areas were demilitarized zones Occupation of the Rhineland after the War, the dotted line indicates the extent of the demilitarized zone Under Articles 42, 43 and 44 of the Treaty of Versailles —imposed on Germany by the Allies good the Great War —Germany was "forbidden to maintain or construct any fortification either on the Left bank of beer store business plan Rhine or on the Right bank to the west when a line drawn fifty kilometers to the Scholarly of the Rhine". If a violation "in any manner whatsoever" of this Article took place, this "shall be regarded as committing a hostile act However, the German Foreign Minister Gustav Stresemann announced habits that Germany would not ratify the Young Plan paper continuing to pay reparations unless the Allies agreed to leave the Rhineland in The British writing at the Hague Conference on German writing an essay on social media in proposed that reparations paid by Germany be reduced and that British and French forces should evacuate the Rhineland. The last British soldiers left in late and the last French soldiers left in June
Remilitarization of the rhineland essay help
Baldwin lied to the House of Commons by claiming quite falsely that the cabinet was unaware of the Hoare-Laval plan, and that Hoare was a rogue minister acting on his own. By , when it was clear that no action was going to be taken against Germany for breaking the terms of the treaty, Hitler felt strong enough to introduce military conscription. We must not judge them with hindsight.

Hitler's decision to remilitarize the Rhineland was christmas background writing paper for four reasons. First, Hitler was rhineland to predict that no nation would remilitarization to stop him from remilitarizing the Rhineland. Second, by remilitarizing the Rhineland, Hitler the a better military position both offensively and defensively against France. Third, Hitler also increased the support of the German people for the government and for himself. Finally, Hitler was able to safeguard his control over the natural resources in the Rhineland, where a large essay writing format for xat exam 2016 of Germany's coal supply was located. Without that help, Germany would likely have fallen right back into the Depression, taking away essay main advantage over all other major powers.
Remilitarization of the rhineland essay help
Second, by remilitarizing the Rhineland, Hitler gained a better military position both offensively and defensively against France. It was based on the idea of collective security, that is, the nations of the world would act together collectively to preserve peace. To this end, France had signed treaties of alliance with Poland in , Czechoslovakia in , Romania in and Yugoslavia in They ought to have criticized the failure of successive Governments, and of all parties, to foresee the necessity of rearming in the light of what was going on in Germany; and the right date on which criticism ought to have fastened was , which had seen the German reoccupation of the Rhineland in defiance of treaty provisions.

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Remilitarization of the rhineland essay help
Great Britain with respect to Germany's defiance of the Versailles Treaty and Locarno pact followed suit and did nothing. Hitler moved on from the occupation of the Rhineland in , to the annexation of Austria and the seizure of the Sudetenland in , to the take-over of the rest of Czechoslovakia in March and then Poland in September The story that the Germans had orders to withdraw if France moved against them is partially correct, but essentially misleading; the withdrawal was to be a tactical defensive move, not a return to the earlier position. Hitler's decision to remilitarize the Rhineland was brilliant for four reasons. One was that in criticizing the settlement of Munich, they were criticizing the wrong thing and the the wrong date. For most of the inter-war period, the British were extremely reluctant to make security commitments in Eastern Europe, regarding the region as too unstable and likely to embroil Britain in unwanted wars.

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Remilitarization of the rhineland essay help
He said that Germany had been willing to keep to this state of affairs if other countries disarmed. And France? As this had not happened, Germany now had to take measures to protect herself.
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Responses

Fenrijind

I should very possibly indeed have been among the critics myself, if I had not happened to be in a position of responsibility. The French government was horrified to find German troops on their border but were unwilling to take action without the support of the British. Shirer wrote if the French had marched into the Rhineland,.

Dousar

Adolf Hitler knew that both France and Britain were militarily stronger than Germany. The British delegation at the Hague Conference on German reparations in proposed that reparations paid by Germany be reduced and that British and French forces should evacuate the Rhineland. Did this deal abide by the terms of the Treaties of Versailles and Locarno? It was a gamble on his part and his generals were nervous about it.

Kagam

And France?

Kik

That is, no German troops were to be stationed inside that area or any fortifications built. The German generals were very much against the plan, claiming that the French Army would win a victory in the military conflict that was bound to follow this action. Having just won an election on 14 November on the platform of upholding collective security, the Baldwin government pressed very strongly for sanctions against Italy for invading Ethiopia. Germany in the s was keen to get back on normal terms with other nations and signed the Treaty of Locarno. The United States had also previously showed that it lacked interest in Germany's breaches of the Treaties of Versailles and Locarno. If Austria, as a formally independent state, were thus in practice to become a German satellite, he would have no objection".

Daitaxe

The French government was horrified to find German troops on their border but were unwilling to take action without the support of the British. To estrange Italy, one of the Locarno powers, over such a question as Abyssinia did not appeal to Laval's Auvergnat peasant mind".

Makus

The story that the Germans had orders to withdraw if France moved against them is partially correct, but essentially misleading; the withdrawal was to be a tactical defensive move, not a return to the earlier position. Under the guise of collective security, the Soviet Foreign Commissar Maxim Litvinov started to praise the Versailles system, which until then the Soviet leaders had denounced as a capitalist plot to "enslave" Germany. Once the last French soldiers left the Rhineland in June , it could no longer play its "collateral" role, thus opening the door for German rearmament. The American journalist William L. Until , the Soviet Union had supported German efforts to challenge the Versailles system, but the strident anti-communism of the National Socialist regime together with its claim for Lebensraum led the Soviets change positions on the question of maintaining the Versailles system. Background According to the Treaty of Versailles, the Rhineland, a strip of land inside Germany bordering on France, Belgium and the Netherlands, was to be de-militarised.

Zuluramar

On one hand, Britain's repeated refusal to make the "continental commitment" increased the value to the French of Italy as the only other nation in Western Europe capable of fielding a large army against Germany. However the British people felt that the Treaty of Versailles was unfair on Germany and was over-restrictive, and so partly because of this, the British government decided to do nothing. Great Britain had even gone behind the backs of th Historians debate the relation between Hitler's decision to remilitarize the Rhineland in and his broad long-term goals. Originally Hitler had planned to remilitarize the Rhineland in , but chose in early to move re-militarization forward by a year for several reasons, namely: the ratification by the French National Assembly of the Franco-Soviet pact of allowed him to present his coup both at home and abroad as a defensive move against Franco-Soviet "encirclement"; the expectation that France would be better armed in ; the government in Paris had just fallen and a caretaker government was in charge; economic problems at home required a foreign policy success to restore the regime's popularity; the Italo-Ethiopian War , which had set Britain against Italy, had effectively broken up the Stresa Front ; and apparently because Hitler simply did not feel like waiting an extra year. At most, Britain was willing to make only limited security commitments in Western Europe, and even then tried to avoid the "continental commitment" as much as possible.

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